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Trading update for the first nine months of 2017

19 December 2017

Metinvest B.V., the parent company of a vertically integrated group of steel and mining companies (jointly referred to as “Metinvest” or “the Group”), today published a trading update for the nine months ended 30 September 2017.

 
The information in this press release has been prepared based on preliminary financial results. Intragroup transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. This announcement does not contain sufficient information to constitute a full set of financial statements. The following preliminary results may differ from financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The numbers in this press release have not been audited or reviewed. Metinvest B.V. publishes consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with IFRS for the six months ending 30 June and for the year ending 31 December. Due to rounding, numbers presented throughout this release may not add up precisely to the totals provided and percentages may not precisely reflect absolute figures.

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

(US$ mn)9M 20179M 2016Change
Revenues 6,222 4,568 36%
Adjusted EBITDA1 1,373 989 39%
margin 22% 22% 0 pp
CAPEX2 308 199 55%
(US$ mn)30 Sep 201731 Dec 2016Change
Total debt3 2,909 2,969 -2%
Cash and cash equivalents4 293 226 30%


1. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as earnings before income tax, finance income and costs, depreciation and amortisation, impairment and devaluation of property, plant and equipment, foreign-exchange gains and losses, the share of results of associates and other expenses that the management considers non-core, plus the share of EBITDA of joint ventures. We will refer to adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA throughout this release. On 15 March 2017, Metinvest lost control over all tangible assets owned by enterprises located in the temporarily non-controlled territory of Ukraine, including Yenakiieve Steel, Krasnodon Coal and Khartsyzk Pipe. Subsequently, the Group decided to make a provision for impairment of all assets of these enterprises, of which US$92 mn for inventories is accounted for in the 9M 2017 EBITDA.

2. CAPEX is calculated on an accrual basis (recognition).

3. Total debt is calculated as the sum of bank loans, bonds, trade finance, seller notes and subordinated shareholder loans.

4. Cash and cash equivalents do not include blocked cash for cash collateral under issued letters of credit and irrevocable bank guarantees and include cash blocked for foreign-currency purchases.

Revenues

In 9M 2017, Metinvest’s consolidated revenues increased by 36% y-o-y to US$6,222 mn , driven primarily by higher steel and iron ore selling prices, which followed global benchmarks. In addition, stronger demand spurred greater sales of flat products (+433 kt), slabs (+121 kt), pig iron (+71 kt) and coke (+72 kt).

Revenues in Ukraine amounted to US$1,610 mn in 9M 2017, up 40% y-o-y, primarily due to increased selling prices, as well as greater sales volumes of flat products amid greater local demand as the economic upturn continued. As a result, the share of Ukraine in consolidated revenues rose by 1 pp y-o-y to 26%.

International sales accounted for 74% of consolidated revenues in 9M 2017. Marketshares changed y-o-y for Europe and Southeast Asia. The share of Europe reached 37%, up 2 pp y-o-y, following a 42% increase in sales to the region amid higher sales volumes of pig iron, slabs and iron ore products, as well as a hike in selling prices of all products. Although sales to Southeast Asia rose by 13% y-o-y amidgreater sales volumes of flat products, square billets and pellets, as well as higher selling prices, the proportion of that region in consolidated revenues decreased by 1 pp y-o-y to 7% due to comparatively higher growth in sales to other markets. As a percentage of total sales, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), the CIS (ex Ukraine), North America and other regions were unchanged y-o-y at a respective 16%, 9%, 5% and 1%.

Revenues by market9M179M16Change, y-o-y
US$ mn% of revenuesUS$ mn% of revenuesUS$ mn%pp of revenues
Total revenues 6,222 100% 4,568 100% 1,654 36% -
Ukraine 1,610 26% 1,148 25% 462 40% 1
Europe 2,296 37% 1,619 35% 677 42% 2
MENA 971 16% 736 16% 235 32% -
CIS (ex Ukraine) 572 9% 409 9% 163 40% -
Southeast Asia 406 7% 359 8% 47 13% -1
North America 331 5% 244 5% 87 36% -
Other regions 36 1% 53 1% -17 -32% -

 

Metallurgical segment

The Metallurgical segment generates revenues from sales of pig iron, steel, coke and other products and services. In 9M 2017, its top line rose by 38% y-o-y to US$5,082 mn, driven mainly by higher selling prices of steel products, as well as greater demand for flat products, slabs, pig iron and coke. In 9M 2017, the segment accounted for 82% of external sales, up 1 pp y-o-y.

Metallurgical segment
Sales by market
9M179M16Change, y-o-yChange, y-o-y %
US$ mn% of revenuesktUS$ mn% of revenuesktUS$ mnktUS$ mnkt
Total sales 5,082 100% 9,409 3,681 100% 9,348 1,401 61 38% 1%
Ukraine 1,214 24% 2,019 806 22% 1,858 408 161 51% 9%
Europe 1,843 36% 3,363 1,447 39% 3,541 396 -179 27% -5%
MENA 971 19% 1,993 735 20% 2,147 236 -154 32% -7%
CIS (ex Ukraine) 572 11% 866 409 11% 838 163 28 40% 3%
Southeast Asia 136 3% 298 67 2% 203 69 95 >100% 47%
North America 312 6% 799 164 4% 610 148 189 90% 31%
Other regions 33 1% 71 53 1% 151 -19 -80 -37% -53%

 

Metallurgical segment
Sales by product
9M179M16Change, y-o-yChange, y-o-y %
US$ mnktUS$ mnktUS$ mnktUS$ mndue to pricedue to volume
Semi-finished products 830 2,096 528 1,946 302 150 57% 49% 8%
Pig iron 410 1,144 260 1,073 150 71 58% 51% 7%
incl. resales 52 141 27 120 25 21 94% 76% 17%
Slabs 309 715 186 594 123 121 66% 46% 20%
Square billets 111 237 83 279 29 -42 35% 50% -15%
incl. resales 84 170 - - 84 170 - - -
Finished products 3,583 6,399 2,741 6,560 842 -161 31% 33% -2%
Flat products 3,112 5,557 2,139 5,125 973 433 46% 37% 8%
incl. resales 1,083 2,114 702 1,955 380 159 54% 46% 8%
Long products 471 842 603 1,435 -132 -593 -22% 19% -41%
incl. resales 28 52 - - 28 52 - - -
Coke 270 914 118 842 151 72 >100% 120% 9%
Other products and services 399 - 293 - 106 - 36% - -
Total sales 5,082 9,409 3,681 9,348 1,401 61 38% 37% 1%

 

Pig iron

In 9M 2017, sales of pig iron increased by 58% y-o-y to US$410 mn, of which 51 pp was attributable to higher selling prices and 7 pp to greater sales volumes. Volumes rose by 71kt y-o-y to 1,144 kt, due to strong demand and higher resales of Zaporizhstal’s pig iron. Sales in North America and Europe grew by 151 kt and 71 kt, respectively, given favourable margins. To fulfil these orders, volumes were redirected from MENA (138 kt).

 

Slabs

In 9M 2017, sales of slabs rose by 66% y-o-y to US$309 mn, driven by a surge in the average selling price (+46 pp) and a 20% rise in sales volumes. Overall volumes increased by 121kt y-o-y to 715 kt, spurred by demand and supported by greater production. Volumes to Europe were up 172 kt, due to greater orders from customers in Italy and sales to a new client in Hungary. Meanwhile, volumes to MENA decreased by 37 kt due lower sales to Turkey.

Square billets

In 9M 2017, sales of square billets increased by 35% y-o-y to US$111 mn due to higher selling prices. Meanwhile, sales volumes dropped by 15% y-o-y (or 42 kt) due to the loss of control over operations of Yenakiieve Steel (-212 kt), which was partly compensated by higher resales (+170 kt). All available volumes were sold in MENA and Southeast Asia.

 

Flat products

In 9M 2017, sales of flat products increased by 46% y-o-y to US$3,112 mn, of which 37 pp was attributable to higher selling prices and 8 pp to greater sales volumes. Total volumes were up by 433 kt y-o-y to 5,557 kt, while resales of Zaporizhstal’s goods rose by 159 kt y-o-y to 2,114 kt, keeping their share into tal sales volumes flat y‑o-y at 38% in 9M 2017. Sales to Ukraine rose by 276 kt as a local competitor left the market in 1Q 2017. Metinvest continued to develop partnership relations with several large consumers and traders in the CIS, which lead to a 60 kt increase in sales to that region. Greater sales in MENA (+56 kt) were driven by the United Arab Emirates, which started preparations for Expo 2020. Other sales volumes were redistributed between regions following market conditions. The average selling price followed the dynamics of HRC FOB Black Sea quotations, which rose by 36% y-o-y.

 

Long products

In 9M 2017, sales of long products dropped by 22% y-o-y to US$471 mn, caused by a 41% decline in sales volumes due to lower production levels and the loss of control over Yenakiieve Steel, which was partly compensated by higher resales (+52 kt). At the same time, the positive y-o-y price trend on all markets for long products was due to stronger billet quotations.

 

Coke

In 9M 2017, sales of coke more than doubled y-o-y to US$270 mn, reflecting a similar move in the average selling price. In addition, sales volumes increased by 9% (or 72 kt) y-o-y to 914 kt, driven by higher sales in Ukraine.


Mining segment

The Mining segment generates revenues from sales of iron ore, coal and other products and services. In 9M 2017, its top line increased by 29% y-o-y to US$1,140 mn, driven by higher iron ore and coal selling prices, which followed global benchmarks. This was partly offset by a fall in sales volumes,caused by lower over all production of iron ore and coal products, as well as greater intragroup consumption. In 9M 2017, the segment accounted for 18% of external sales, down 1 pp y-o-y.

Mining segment
Sales by market
9M179M16Change, y-o-yChange, y-o-y %
US$ mn% of revenuesktUS$ mn% of revenuesktUS$ mnktUS$ mnkt
Total sales 1,140 100% 11,992 887 100% 15,544 253 -3,551 29% -23%
Ukraine 397 35% 3,329 342 39% 6,324 55 -2,994 16% -47%
Europe 452 40% 4,906 172 19% 2,935 281 1,970 >100% 67%
MENA - - - 1 0% 14 -1 -14 - -
CIS (ex Ukraine) 0 0% - - - - 0 - - -
Southeast Asia 270 24% 3,440 293 33% 5,222 -23 -1,782 -8% -34%
North America 19 2% 318 80 9% 1,049 -61 -731 -76% -70%
Other regions 2 0% - - - - 2 - - -
Mining segment
Sales by product
9M179M16Change, y-o-yChange, y-o-y %
US$ mnktUS$ mnktUS$ mnktUS$ mndue to pricedue to volume
Iron ore products 949 11,421 718 14,196 231 -2,775 32% 52% -20%
Merchant iron ore concentrate 493 7,021 436 9,838 57 -2,817 13% 42% -29%
Pellets 456 4,400 282 4,358 174 42 62% 61% 1%
Coking coal concentrate 80 571 107 1,347 -27 -776 -25% 32% -58%
Other products and services 112 - 63 - 49 - 77% - -
Total sales 1,140 11,992 887 15,544 253 -3,551 29% 51% -23%

 

Iron ore concentrate

In 9M 2017, sales of merchant iron ore concentrate increased by 13% y-o-y to US$493 mn, due to a surge in the average selling price. The latter followed the benchmark, [1] which rose by 35% y-o-y to an average of US$73/t in 9M 2017, up from US$54/t a year earlier. Meanwhile, total sales volumes dropped by 29% y-o-y (or 2,817 kt) to 7,021 kt following lower production and destocking in 2016. Given the premiums in Europe, one of Metinvest’s key markets for iron ore, sales to both existing and new customers in that region were up by 899 kt y-o-y. Meanwhile, weaker demand in Ukraine caused lower sales (-1,504 kt). The remaining available volumes were sold to Southeast Asia, although volumes to that region were down 2,212 kt y-o-y.

 

Pellets

In 9M 2017, sales of pellets rose by 62% y-o-y to US$456 mn, following a hike in the average selling price. In addition, sales volumes marginally increased – by 1% y-o-y (or 42 kt) – to 4,400 kt. Sales to Europe rose by 1,092 kt, driven by stronger demand. Meanwhile, sales in Ukraine decreased by 1,466 kt due to lower sales to local customers. This led to higher sales to Southeast Asia (+430 kt), which is an opportunistic market for this product.

Coking coal concentrate

In 9M 2017, sales of coking coal were down by 25% y-o-y to US$80 mn a mida 58% y-o-y drop in volumes. Sales declined by 776 kt y-o-y to 571 kt, driven by lower production and higher internal consumption, which resulted in reduced sales in North America.

 

EBITDA

In 9M 2017, Metinvest’s consolidated EBITDA soared by 39% y-o-y to US$1,373 mn, driven by an increase in the Mining segment’s contribution of US$653 mn. The Metallurgical segment’s EBITDA decreased by US$273 mn, while corporate overheads and eliminations remained almost flat y-o-y.

EBITDA by segment9M179M16Change, y-o-y
US$ mn% of segment revenuesUS$ mn% of segment revenuesUS$ mnpp of segment revenues
Metallurgical segment 377 7% 650 17% -273 -10
- incl. JV 103   124 -21
Mining segment 1,092 41% 439 28% 653 13
- incl. JV 144   73 71
Corporate o/hs and eliminations -96   -100 4
Total EBITDA 1,373 22% 989 22% 384 -

 

The increase in consolidated EBITDA was primarily attributable to the following factors:

  • sales price growth (US$1,699 mn) amid sales to such premium strategic markets as Europe, Ukraine and MENA;
  • higher contributions from JVs (US$49 mn), namely Southern GOK;
  • a US$65 mn hryvnia devaluation effect, as the USD/UAH exchang erate averaged 26.47 in 9M 2017, compared with 25.48 in 9M 2016.

These factors were partly offset by:

  • higher costs of raw materials (US$518 mn), primarily due to increased market prices of coal, coke and scrap, as well as greater consumption of purchased scrap and ferroalloys;
  • lower sales volumes (US$45 mn), mainly square billets, long products, iron ore concentrate and coking coal concentrate;
  • impairment of inventories of assets seized in March 2017 (US$92 mn);
  • greater logistics costs (US$173 mn), mainly due rising freight tariffs globally and railway tariffs in Ukraine (since April 2016), as well as higher rail shipment volumes;
  • higher spending on energy (US$7 mn) due to increased natural gas prices and electricity tariffs, as well as greater consumption of fuel and natural gas;
  • higher other costs (US$594 mn), primarily amid increased costs of goods and services for resale.

In 9M 2017, the Group’s consolidated EBITDA margin remained unchanged y-o-y at 22%. The Mining segment’s EBITDA margin grew by 13 pp y-o-y to 41%, while the Metallurgical segment’s EBITDA margin dropped by 10 pp y-o-y to 7%.

 

Debt management

At the end of September 2017, total debt stood at US$2,909 mn, down 2% y-t-d.

During 1Q 2017, Metinvest successfully concluded the restructuring of 94% of its debt portfolio, totalling US$2.8 bn and including US$1.2 bn in bonds, US$1.1 bn in pre-export finance facilities (PXF), US$0.4 bn in shareholder loans [2] and US$0.1 bn in seller notes.

In 9M 2017, Metinvest repaid US$74 mn of seller notes via a so-called coal cash sweep, which was put in place following their restructuring in January 2017.

Given the stabilised operating environment, Metinvest is current on interest and started repaying principal under bonds and PXF. After the reporting date, around US$91 mn was paid via a common cash sweep in November, including US$70 mn for repayment of principal and previously capitalised interest.

The completion of the restructuring fundamentally improved the Group’s credit profile. International rating agencies Moody’s and Fitch upgraded their credit ratings for Metinvest to ‘Caa1’ (‘positive’ outlook) and ‘B’ (‘stable’ outlook), respectively. Moreover, in May 2017, Metinvest secured a new five-year financing facility from Caterpillar Financial Ukraine to lease mining equipment for Ingulets GOK for a total value of around US$17 mn.

 

Capital expenditure

In 9M 2017, Metinvest’s capital expenditure increased by 55% y-o-y to US$308 mln [3]. In 9M 2017, the split between maintenance and expansion projects was 89% to 11% (compared with 71% to 29% in 9M 2016). The Mining segment accounted for 55% of capital expenditure (48% in 9M 2016) and the Metallurgical segment for 43% (51% in 9M 2016).

Metallurgical segment

Major ongoing investment projects at Ilyich Steel include the construction of continuous casting machine no. 4 and the reconstruction of the sinter plant. Importantly, Ilyich Steel launched engineering development of the reconstruction of 1700 hot strip mill targeting to increase the mill capacity and improve product quality.

Azovstal completed construction of the PCI unit at blast furnace no. 2 and started pulverised coal injection in September 2017, as planned. The next step is construction of PCI facilities at blast furnace no. 3, which together with the major overhaul of this furnace is expected to be completed in 3Q 2018.

Mining segment

Several projects are ongoing in the Mining segment. These include the construction of deep-quarry crusher and conveyor systems at Northern GOK (the second facility for rock transportation at the Pervomaisky quarry) and Ingulets GOK (Vostochny conveyor line), as well as the replacement of gas cleaning units on the Lurgi 552-B pelletising machine at Northern GOK.

 



[1]  62% Fe iron ore fines CFR China

[2]  Shareholder loans have been subordinated to liabilities under the bonds and the pre-export finance facility as part of the debt restructuring process

[3]  Includes US$5 mn of corporate overheads

For editors:

Andriy Bondarenko
Head of Investor Relations
Tel: +41 22 591 03 74 (Switzerland)
Tel: +380 44 251 83 24 (Ukraine)
andriy.bondarenko@metinvestholding.com

Yana Kalmykova
Manager of Investor Relations
Tel: +380 44 251 83 36 (Ukraine)
yana.kalmykova@metinvestholding.com